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Publication type: Article
Author: Tom Koller, Udo Frese
Title: State Observability through Prior Knowledge: Analysis of the Height Map Prior for Track Cycling
Journal: MDPI Sensors Special Issue on Sensors and Sensing Technologies for Indoor Positioning and Indoor Navigation
Year published: 2020
Abstract: Inertial navigation systems suffer from unbounded errors in the position and orientation estimates. This drift can be corrected by applying prior knowledge, instead of using exteroceptive sensors. We want to show that the use of prior knowledge can yield full observability of the position and orientation. A previous study showed that track cyclers can be tracked drift-free with an IMU as the only sensor and the knowledge that the bike drives on the track. In this paper, we analyze the observability of the pose in the experiment we conducted. Furthermore, we improve the pose estimation of the previous study. The observability is analyzed by testing the weak observability criterion with a Jacobian rank test. The improved estimator is presented and evaluated on a dataset with three 60-round trials (10 km each). The average RMS is 1.08 m and the estimate is drift-free. The observability analysis reveals that the system can gain complete observability in the curves and observability of the orientation on the straight parts of the race track.
Internet: https://www.mdpi.com/1424-8220/20/9/2438
PDF Version: https://www.mdpi.com/1424-8220/20/9/2438/pdf
Status: Reviewed
Last updated: 27. 04. 2020

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