Laws of Software Evolution  

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Laws of Software Evolution


Reference /Lehman, 1996a/ Laws of Software Evolution Revisited
Laws of software evolution:
I-Continuing Change: (1974) E-Type systems must be continually adapted else they become progressively less satisfactory.
II-Increasing Complexity: (1974) As an E-type system is evolved its complexity increases unless work is done to maintain or reduce it.
III- Self Regulation: (1974) Global E-type system evolution processes are self-regulating.
IV-Conservation of Organisational Stability: (1978) Unless feedback mechanisms are appropriately adjusted, the average effective global activity rate in an evolving E-type system tends to remain constant over product lifetime.
V-Conservation of Familiarity: (1978) As an E-type system evolves all associated with it must maintain mastery of its content and behaviour to achieve satisfactory usage and evolution. Excessive growth diminishes that mastery and leads to a transient reduction in growth rate or even shrinkage. Therefore, the mean incremental growth remains constant or declines.
VI-Continuing growth: (1991) Functional content of E-type systems must be continually increased to maintain user satisfaction over lifetime.
VII- Declining Quality: (1996) Quality of E-type systems will appear to be declining unless they are rogorously maintained and adapted to operational environment changes.
VIII-Feedback System: (1996) E-type evolution process are multi-level, multi-loop, multi-agent feedback systems and must, in general, be treated as such to achieve major process improvement.

Publications on this area

Process Dynamics/Evolution/Change

See also

Process Evolution

GDPA Online Last Updated 10.Apr.2002 Updated by Webmaster Last Revised 10.Apr.2002 Revised by Webmaster