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Reference ISO Definition
Standards are documented agreements containing technical specifications or other precise criteria to be used consistently as rules, guidelines, or definitions of characteristics, to ensure that materials, products, processes and services are fit for their purpose.

For example, the format of the credit cards, phone cards, and "smart" cards that have become commonplace is derived from an ISO International Standard. Adhering to the standard, which defines such features as an optimal thickness (0,76 mm), means that the cards can be used worldwide.

International Standards thus contribute to making life simpler, and to increasing the reliability and effectiveness of the goods and services we use.

Reference IEEE Definition
IEEE standards include but are not limited to
  • Lists of terms, definitions, or symbols, applicable to any field of science or technology within the scope of the IEEE
  • Expositions of scientific methods of measurement or tests of the parameters or performance of any device, apparatus, system, or phenomenon associated with the art, science, or technology of any field within the scope of the IEEE
  • Characteristics, performance, and safety requirements associated with devices, equipment, and systems with engineering installations
  • Recommendations reflecting current state-of-the-art in the application of engineering principles to any field of technology within the scope of the IEEE
Reference /Choh, 1999a/ Governance Mechanisms of Standard-Making in the Information Technology
Two propositions about standardisation:
  • A technological standard is a collective good for the industry. As a collective good, it is the result of collective choices regulating market transactions;
  • Standardisation is a social process of coordination of conflicts between private, individual interests and collective interests.
Reference /SESC, 1993/ Master Plan for Software Engineering Standards
A standard can be:
  • an object or measure of comparison that defines or represents the magnitude of a unit;
  • a characterization that establishes allowable tolerances or constraints for categories of items; and
  • a degree or level of required excellence or attainment. Standards are definitional in nature, established either to further understanding and interaction, ot to acknowledge observed (or desired norms) of exhibited characteristics or behaviour.

See also

Standard Classification
Standard Lifecycle
Standard Dimensions
Standard Organisations
Lifecycles, Software Process Models, Software Process Standards

GDPA Online Last Updated 17.Apr.2002 Updated by Webmaster Last Revised 17.Apr.2002 Revised by Webmaster