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  ISO.3.2.2 Supporting Processes

The V-Model does not include any separate documentation activity. Documentation is basically not contained in the realization of activities. Therefore, the allocation of V-Model activities is not possible, even though the documentation process in the entire V-Model is naturally completely realized.

Apart from the configuration management and the change management of the V-Model, the Configuration Management process of the ISO 12207 standard also handles "Configuration Evaluation". There is no similar description in the V-Model.

According to ISO 12207, the Joint Review, Audit, Verification and Validation are handled as techniques of the process Quality Assurance. However, since the quality assurance process has only been roughly described, an explicit placement of these techniques is missing. Though the V-Model covers all of the listed QA aspects, a 1:1 allocation between V-Model and ISO 12207 is not always possible, based on the general information given in the ISO 12207 and the mixture between activities (tasks) and methods (techniques).

The V-Model always distinguishes between the activities process assessment, product assessment and phase review, and, on pages with method allocations, between audit, review (technical review and phase review), and testing, whereby the reason for applying a certain method depends on the objects tested (software, product, activity, project development).

Documentation Process
Activities according to ISO 12207 Activities according to the V-Model
Process Implementation PM1.3 - Generation of Project-Specific V-Model
PM1.5 - Generation of Preliminary Plan
PM4 - Detailed Planning
CM2.1 - Product Initialization
Design and Development Product Schema
QA4 - Product Assessment
Production -
Maintenance CM3 - Change Management (Configuration Control)

Table ISO.8: Allocation of Documentation Process to V-Model Activities

Configuration Management Process
Activities according to ISO 12207 Activities according to the V-Model
Process Implementation CM1.1 - Generation the CM Plan
Configuration Identification CM1.2 - Setting up CM
CM2 - Product and Configuration Management
Configuration Control CM3 - Change Management (Configuration Control)
Configuration Status Accounting CM4.5 - Update of CM Documentation
CM4.7 - Recording Project History
Configuration Evaluation CM4.4 - Data Backup
Release Management and Delivery CM4.6 - Release Management

Table ISO.9: Allocation of Configuration Management Process to V-Model Activities

Quality Assurance Process
Activities according to ISO 12207 Activities according to the V-Model
Process Implementation QA1.1 - Generation the QA Plan
QA1.2 - Generation the Assessment Plan
Product Assurance QA4.1 - Determination of Assessability
QA4.2 - Assessment of the Content of the Product
Process Assurance QA3 - Process Assessment of Activites
Assurance of Quality Systems -

Table ISO.10: Allocation of Quality Assurance Process to V-Model Activities

Verification Process
Activities according to ISO 12207 Activities according to the V-Model
Process Implementation QA1.1 - Generation the QA Plan
QA1.2 - Generation the Assessment Plan
QA2.2 - Definition of Assessment Environment
Verification QA2.1 - Definition of Assessment Methods and Criteria
QA2.3 - Definition of Test Cases
QA2.4 - Generation of Assessment Procedure
QA3 - Process Assessment of Activites
QA4.1 - Determination of Assessability
QA4.2 - Assessment of the Content of the Product

Table ISO.11: Allocation of Verification Process to V-Model Activities

Validation Process
Activities according to ISO 12207 Activities according to the V-Model
Process Implementation QA1.1 - Generation the QA Plan
QA1.2 - Generation the Assessment Plan
QA2.2 - Definition of Assessment Environment
Validation QA2.1 - Definition of Assessment Methods and Criteria
QA2.3 - Definition of Test Cases
QA2.4 - Generation of Assessment Procedure
QA4.1 - Determination of Assessability
QA4.2 - Assessment of the Content of the Product

Table ISO.12: Allocation of Validation Process to V-Model Activities

Joint Review Process
Activities according to ISO 12207 Activities according to the V-Model
Process Implementation QA1.1 - Generation the QA Plan
Project Management Review PM6 - Phase Review
Technical Review PM6 - Phase Review

Table ISO.13: Allocation of Joint Review Process to V-Model Activities

Audit Process
Activities according to ISO 12207 Activities according to the V-Model
Process Implementation QA1.1 - Generation the QA Plan
Audit QA3 - Process Assessment of Activites
QA4 - Product Assessment

Table ISO.14: Allocation of Audit Process to V-Model Activities

Problem Resolution Process
Activities according to ISO 12207 Activities according to the V-Model
Process Implementation QA5 - QA Reporting
Problem Resolution QA5 - QA Reporting
CM4.7 - Recording Project History

Table ISO.15: Allocation of Problem Resolution Process to V-Model Activities

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